• • • Poisonous plants of hayfields and pastures of the forest zone of the European part of Russia: genus Ranunculaceae

• • • Poisonous plants of hayfields and pastures of the forest zone of the European part of Russia: genus Ranunculaceae

Plants of hayfields and pastures of the forest zone of the European part of Russia are divided into groups according to practical purposes. Among other created several classifications of poisonous plants, based on the grouping of certain features. For example, such are the botanical affiliation for taxonomic classification, the poisonousness of an individual organ, part or the whole plant — for morphological one, the content of bioactive compounds — for a biochemical one. For feed production and use of feeds, the classification developed by I. A. Gusynin, known as toxicological or clinical, can be used. Due to the necessity of consolidation of information on plants of the genus Ranunculaceae belonging to the subgroup 2 of group 1 by I. A. Gusynin’s classification (1962), a review of the publications of Russian and foreign authors was carried out. The areas of distribution and habitat were analyzed, and plants belonging to the following genera were considered: the Anemone L. windflower, the Actaea L. baneberry, the Caltha L., the Ranunculus L. buttercup and the Pulsatilla L. pasque flower. To exclude the difference in the attribution of plants to certain species, the materials of the international database The Plant List are involved. As auxiliary and specifying information, Latin names of certain species are indicated, the synonyms of which are the names from the literature used in the review. Reviewing publications, it was established that the toxicity of plants of the family Ranunculaceae is a consequence of the complex action of a number of chemical compounds. To clarify the role of bioactive compounds (BAC), materials on chemistry and biochemistry are involved, and in general terms information on the properties of individual component is submitted. The presence of these components is indicated in the publications that formed the basis of this review. The detailed knowledge of the chemical composition of Ranunculaceae can be used for veterinary and therapeutic purposes and for the conservation of the biodiversity of meadows and pastures.

Source: http://kormoproizvodstvo.ru/en/6-2018-2/, p. 16

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