General questions of forage production
Tampere M. The role of grasslands in a green future: threats and perspectives in less favoured areas
The EGF meeting of 2013 was dedicated to the role of grasslands in a green future. Presentations were divided into three sessions: (i) improving eco-effi ciency in mixed farming systems, (ii) conservation of extensive grasslands and (iii) grasslands and biofuels. Topics covered in those sessions dealt with wide range of problems connected to grasslands. The aim of this paper is to give an overview of subjects and research results from the presentations at the 17th Symposium of the European Grassland Federation (EGF) In Iceland.
Keywords: European Grassland Federation, symposium, ecology, grassland.
Lysikov A. V. The economic efficiency of increasing the productivity of an old sown hayfi eld
The productivity of the old sown grasslands (51st-55th years of usage) is increased from 2,3 to 2,9–5,0 thousand FU/ha under the suggested methods and technologies of surface improvement; the cost of 100 FU makes 93–244 rubles.
Keywords: hayfield productivity, topdressing fertilization, grassland renovation, grasses’ reseeding, profi tability, prime cost of feed.
Zhuchenko A. A. jr., Kosolapov V. M., Trofi mov I. A., Cherkasov A. V.A. T. Bolotov’s environment-improving technologies
October, 7th (18th), 2013 is the 275th anniversary of Andrey Timofeyevich Bolotov (1738–1833), who is a pioneer of agricultural science and landscape design in Russia. Th e article lays out the main of his principles for environment- improving technologies.
Keywords: environment-improving technologies, environment, the fi rst Russian agronomy scientist A. T. Bolotov.
Meadow and field forage production
Lazarev N. N., Kostikova T. V. Productivity of binary legume-grass mixtures with bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus L.) and white clover (Trifolium repens L.)
It is shown that binary legume-grass mixtures with white clover formed more productive agrophytocenosis than those with bird’s-foot trefoil, both at three- and four-fold usage. The grass mixtures receiving 120 kg/ha of nitrogen increased the yield by 1,6–2,3 times but the payback of nitrogen by the yield increase was not high.
Keywords: white clover, bird’s-foot trefoil, grasses, herbage mixtures, botanical composition, productivity.
Zamana S. P., Sokolov A. V., Kondratyeva T. D. On the application of a bacterial preparation in the trial on red clover/timothy mixture
The article presents the results of applying a bacterial preparation including sporogenous Baccillus sp. in a trial with clover/timothy mixture.
Keywords: Bacillus sp., clover/timothy mixture, biological activity of soil, plant chemical composition.
Lazarev M. M. Agroforestry eff ect on alfalfa productivity
It is proved that the system of shelter forest belts facilitates solving the protein problem in animal husbandry and reducing the feed expenditures.
Keywords: the system of shelter forest belts, animal husbandry, protein, feeds.
Yakovleva M. T., Ghermoghenova A. L. Alfalfa productivity under seed inoculation with nodule bacteria and application of growth stimulator
УДК: 633.312: 631.811.98/
The article presents the results of alfalfa seed inoculation with nodule bacteria and their treatment with growth stimulator «Lentechnin» for increasing the green mass productivity in Central Yakutia.
Keywords: alfalfa, Lentechnin, nodule bacteria.
Selection and seed growing of fodder crops
Kashevarov N. I., Polyudina R. I., Rozhanskaya O. A., Jeleznov A. V.Sainfoin (Onobrychis Mill.) breeding for forage production in Siberia
The article presents the results and promising directions and methods of sainfoin breeding in the Siberian forage crops breeding center.
Keywords: sainfoin, variety, breeding, biotechnology.
Churakov P. L., Kasatkina N. I., Nelyubina J. S. The results of blue lupine varieties’ assessment in Udmurtia
The article presents the outcomes of assessing the productivity, forage quality and bioenergy efficiency of the blue lupine varieties’.
Keywords: blue lupine, variety, feed value.
Komarov N. M., Sokolenko N. I., Zobnina N. L., Kazachkov S. A. A new triticale cultivar — Mamuchar
УДК: (633.11+ 633.14):631
A short characterization is given to a new cultivar of winter hexaploid triticale Mamuchar for grain usage.
Keywords: triticale, cultivar.
Regional forage production
Mingaliov S. K., Zezin N. N., Namyatov M. A., Laptev V. R, Surin I. V.Formation of green mass and grain yields by maize hybrids at diff erent sowing dates in the Middle Urals conditions
The paper presents the results of the studies on the effect of sowing date on the green mass yield of different maize hybrids, as well as on the dry matter content and yield, together with grain quality.
Keywords: maize, hybrids, sowing dates, productivity, green mass, dry matter, grain, quality.
Emelyanov A. P., Petrenko E. S Red clover productivity on the arable lands of the Amur region
The red clover productivity indices are shown for different seeding rates for pure stands and mixtures with grasses on the arable lands in the south of the Amur region in the Far East of Russia.
Keywords: red clover, seeding rate, herbage mixture, productivity.
Eliseyev S. L., Akmanayev E. D. Forage productivity of red clover varieties differing in ploidy, used in pure and mixed stands
The results of assessing red clover diploids’ and a tetraploid variety’s productivity and fodder value are given for pure stands and mixtures with timothy.
Keywords: red clover, variety, pure stand, mixed sowing, productivity
Babiche A. A., Leontyev R. P. Berseem clover productivity in dependence on the seeding rate
The article presents the results of specifying an optimal seeding rate of berseem clover for the Right Bank Foreststeppe of Ukraine.
Keywords: berseem clover, seeding rate, forage productivity.
Kosolapov V. M., Trofi mov I. A. Methodological and practical approach to fodder production in Siberia. A review of the handbook «Agricultural technologies for fodder production in Siberia»
A new handbook «Agricultural technologies for fodder production in Siberia» is developed and published by the Siberian Fodder Research Institute. It sets out the main issues of methodology, practical organization and management of forage production, taking into account the zonal features of the areas. The issues of the various cultivation technologies are presented for fodder crops in the field and grassland forage production, as well as the peculiarities of seed production especially in view of the species and varietal diversity of forage crops, together with the R&D fodder technologies.
Keywords: forage production, forage crops, technologies, field fodder production, grassland husbandry, seed production, fodder lay-in technology.