General questions of forage production
Starodubtseva A. M. About the French National Institute for Agricultural Research
The French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) is a unique non-centralized research system, closely interacting with other organizations and institutes. It is rated first in Europe and second in the world in terms of the research aimed at quality and healthy food, agricultural competitiveness and sustainability, as well as environment protection and improvement. INRA possesses sufficient material and technical resources and a steady interdisciplinary basis in life sciences, as well as in ecological, social and economic studies.
Keywords: the French National Institute for Agricultural Research, INRA, grassland science, agronomy, crop production, animal husbandry, forestry.
Surovtsev V. N. Quality fodders as a factor of increasing the competitiveness of dairy production
Forage quality directly affects the cost of milk, the cost of herd reproduction, the opportunity for gaining additional revenue from sales of breeding herd replacements. Th e calculations in this paper will help to coordinate the pace of intensification of forage production and the growth of the cows’ productive potential.
Keywords: fodder quality, intensification of fodder production, cows’ productivity.
Meadow and field forage production
Nafi kov M. M., Zamaydinov A. A., Fomin V. N., Spichkov S. I. Barley productivity and nutritional value depending on forecrops and fertilizers
Plant mineral nutrition and crop forecrops are among the factors of increasing the grain quality. As a result of the carried-out four-year research it is shown that on the alkaline chernozem of the Kama region in the Republic of Tatarstan it is possible to obtain the planned productivity of the Timerhkan variety of barley, dependent on the nutrition background and forecrops.
Keywords: forecrops, fertilizers, barley, protein, starch, productivity, weather conditions.
Durnev G. I., Yatchuk P. V., Izmalkova E. Yu. Infl uence of desiccants on soybean yield and grain quality in Orel region
The rates and timings for desiccants’ application on soybean are determined. It is concluded that desiccants should be applied earlier than it was recommended before (at bean browning on the middle and lower parts of the plants, and grain moisture being 45 %). Th e should be sprayed when the lower leaves become yellow and the grain moisture is 65 %. In that case direct combining harvest in the Orel region is possible by the end of August.
Keywords: desiccants, soybean, grain moisture, Reglon, Tornado, productivity, protein, fat.
Lukashov V. N., Isakov A. N., Korotkova T. N. Productivity of combined and mixed crops of winter triticale and winter vetch in the Kaluga region
УДК: (633.11+633.14): 633
The article presents the results of studying the productivity of combined and mixed crops of winter triticale and winter vetch.
Keywords: winter vetch, combined crop, productivity.
Shapsovich S. N., Mardvaev N. B. Sudan grass productivity depending on the sowing time
The article presents the results of studying the productivity of Sudan grass variety Turan 2 at different seeding dates in the dry zone of Buryatia.
Keywords: Sudan grass, sowing date, productivity.
Selection and seed growing of fodder crops
Obraztsov V. N., Schedrina D. I., Kondratov V. V. Use of fi lm-forming agents on the seed festulolium swards in the forest-steppe of the Central Non-Chernozem region
The article presents the results of applying adhesive products on seed crops of festulolium during their ripening and harvesting the seeds.
Keywords: festulolium, film formers, seed productivity.
Sanjeev V. V., Shamsutdinov N. Z. Flowering biology of Salsola orientalis in the semi-desert Caspian region
The article present sthe results of studying the biology of flowering of the fodder subschrub Salsola orientalis in the arid Caspian regions.
Keywords: Salsola orientalis, fl ower.
Mikhailova S. I., Burenina A. A., Astafurova T. P. Assessment of amaranth cultivars in the Tomsk region
The article presents the results of assessing two amaranth cultivars — Cherginsky and Kizlyarets — in the Tomsk region.
Keywords: amaranth, cultivar, productivity.
Regional forage production
Mirzoev B. Development problems of the forage basis for animal husbandry in the Tajikistan Republic
Establishing a steady forage basis is a guarantee of successful development and increase of efficiency in animal husbandry of the Tajikistan Republic. The author analyzes contemporary condition of the state fodder industry and suggests the ways of its development for an increase in animal husbandry production.
Keywords: feed base, efficiency, perennial grasses, dairy complex, intensification.
Kvitko G. P., Tsytsyura T. V. Forage productivity of oil radish varieties depending on the sowing date and fertilization under conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of the Ukraine
The article presents the results of studying the influence of sowing and fertilization on the formation of oil radish forage productivity under conditions of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe. Th e optimal parameters are determined for sowing the varieties of oil radish for the maximal realization of their feed potential as well as effective utilization of the hydrothermal potential.
Keywords: oil radish, sowing dates, fertilizers, forage productivity.
Magomedov K. G., Shakhmurzov M. M., Kamilov R. K., Kagirov G. D.Herbage improvement on the degraded adjacent rural lands
Simplificated improvement methods including undersowing legume/grass mixtures allow significant increase of the natural fodder lands’ productivity in the center of the Northern Caucasus.
Keywords: adjacent rural pastures, herbage degradation, legume/grass mixtures, seeding rates and terms, productivity and forage quality.
Drincha V. M. Winter sowing as a promising method of hayfi elds and pastures renovation
It is proved that winter sowing increases the dry matter productivity of forage crops by 3-5 t/ha. Th e potential of the effective means of hayfields and pastures improvement are discussed.
Keywords: grasses winter sowing, hayfields and pastures, efficacy.
Zolotarev V. N., Kosolapov V. M., Karpin V. I. Method for determining the seed germinative power for fodder crops
For a more objective evaluation of determining sowing qualities to predict their field germination and plant productivity, we recommend using an additional indicator — the germinative power.
Keywords: methods, seeds, crop quality, germinative power, laboratory and field germination ability.
Kosolapov V. M., Zolotarev V. N., Perepravo N. I. Cultivation and usage of a new forage crop — festulolium — for fodder and sseds
The article presents the biological and economic characteristics of a new forage crop — festulolium. The agricultural technology of cultivating this crop is recommended for feed and seed usage. The peculiarities of using it in grassland forage production are discussed as well as harvesting technology for bulky preserved fodders.
Keywords: festulolium, varieties, seeds, grassland forage production, ensiling.