General questions of forage production
Kosolapov V. M., Trofi mov I. A. The scientifi c schools of Russian forage production
УДК: 577.4; 633.2
The development of Russian forage science and industry is closely linked with the activities of the scientific schools formed and developing on the basis of the All-Russian Research Institute of Fodders named after V. R. Williams. The latter celebrates its 100-year anniversary in the service of Russian science on 12–14th June 2012.
Keywords: scientific school, forage production, grassland farming, field fodder production, breeding and seed production of forage crops, feed preservation and storing.
Meadow and field forage production
Kutuzov G. P. The role of herbicides in forage crops’ cultivation
For intensifying cultivation technologies of forage crops and increasing the amounts of forages produced on arable land it is necessary to use integrated measures for protecting plant productivity, including effective application of herbicides.
Keywords: field forage production, integrated protection meathods, herbicides, ecological safety, economic efficiency.
Hramoy V. K., Rakhimov O. V. Yield and protein productivity of vetch in a mixture with oats, wheat and barley
A field experiment showed that the three-vetch-cereal grain mixture exceeds the yield and protein productivity of two-grain mixture. Nitrogen fertilizer significantly increased the yield of mixtures, but reduced the proportion of vetch in the crop and fodder supply of digestible protein.
Keywords: vetch (Vicia sativa L.), oats (Avena sativa L.), spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), barley (Hordeum sativum L.), mixture, nitrogen fixation, yield, fiber, feed units, digestible protein.
Pankov D. M. The eff ectiveness of annuals’ mixtures in agriculture of the Altai steppe
УДК: 633.1: 633.31/37; 63
The article considers the yields of grain mixture in the steppe of the Altai, depending on the species composition and agricultural practices. The best results were obtained at early dates of planting (May 10–15) with the application of N15P20K20: the yield reached 2.85 t/ha. Th e highest yield is obtained from a mixture of oats, peas, barley and wheat with vetch; it is 0.48 t/ha more than that of the single-species oats crops. Yield increase from bee pollination reaches 0.06 t/ha.
Keywords: forest-steppe of the Altai, grain mixture, sowing dates, fertilizers, components of the mixture, bee pollination, productivity.
Slobodyanik T. M. Using soybean in mixtures with cereals for producing high-quality voluminous forages
Influence of phases of oats and oats-soybean mixture, paisa and soybean-paisa mixture on yield and quality of green mass was studied. Using soybean-cereals mixtures allows getting high-quality forages.
Keywords: oats, paisa, soybean, development phase, green mass yield, quality.
Selection and seed growing of fodder crops
Naumkin V. N., Meshcheryakov O. D., Muravyov A. A., Artyukhov A. I., Lukashevich M. I. Productivity of white lupine, depending on seed inoculation and doses of mineral fertilizers
УДК: 633.367.3:631.82 (04
The article presents the results of studying the productivity of white lupine cultivar ‘Desnyanskiy’, and it’s dependance on seed inoculation and application rates of mineral fertilizers.
Keywords: white lupine, inoculation, seeds, mineral fertilizers, crop yields.
Batalova G. A., Krotova N. V., Zhuravleva G. P. Inheriting elements of forage productivity in hybrids of oats
The character of phenotypic inheritance in hybrids of oats is studied for the main features that determine forage productivity.
Keywords: oats, hybrids, phenotypic traits’ dominance.
Emelin V. A. Green mass productivity of Silphium perfoliatum L. in diff erent phases of plant development
The article presents the results of studying Silphium perfoliatum L. productivity in the long-term used for forage in the North of Belorussia.
Keywords: Silphium perfoliatum L., productivity, green mass.
Bukhanova L. A., Zarenkova N. V. On the use of nipping soybean crops in the Moscow region
The article presents the results of nipping soybeans of northern ecotype in the Non-Chernozem zone of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: variety, plant nipping, seed productivity.
Gataulina G. G., Belyshkina M. E. Growth and development of early maturing soybean varieties dependent on diff erent sowing dates in the Moscow region
УДК: 633.34: 631.524.82
The article describes the features of growth, development and productivity of plant early maturing soybean varieties dependent on different sowing dates in the Moscow region.
Keywords: soybean, cultivar, sowing date, productivity.
Regional forage production
Ponomarenko Yu. A. The nutritional value, quality and safety of fodder rape and byproducts of its processing
The article presents the results of the research into the influence of fodder rape grain, meal, oil cake and rapeseed oil on the indicators of nutritional value, quality and safety.
Keywords: fodder rape, rapeseed meal, rapeseed oil cake, rapeseed oil, concentrated fodder, aminoacids, microelements, vitamins.
Puyu V. L. Calculation of bioenergy resources of an agricultural zone on the example of girasol
The article describes the bio-energy resource of girasol in the centeral part of the Volyn-Podolsk Ukrainian foreststeppe, calculated by the quantity of received PAR, its efficiency, water supply and water use ratio.
Keywords: girasol, productivity, energy.
Borodin I. A., Shishlov S. A. Parameters optimization for plunger-type planting unit at soybean seeding
For high-quality dotted seeding of soybean, a plunger type seedmeter is designed. Th e apparatus allows carrying out qualitative selection of single grains. Th e optimal values characterizing the apparatus’s work are found experimentally.
Keywords: soybean, seeding machine, precise seeding, response surfaces.
Jalnin E. V. Our resources are our abilities