General questions of forage production

Emelyanov A. N. Ecological principles of forage production for agricultural effectivization in the Far East

3

УДК: 633.2/.3:631.95(571.

The analysis of arable lands’ fertility in the main agricultural territories of the Far Eastern Federal District. Th e peculiarities of its cultivated areas’ structure were also shown. It was recommended to increase the shares of perennial grasses in the crop rotations up to 25-30 %. It is possible to improve the effectiveness of forage production via new highly productive varieties of oats for forage, as well as winter rye, corn and other crops.

Keywords: cultivated areas’ structure, soil fertility, perennial and annual grasses, land-improving plants, the Far Eastern Federal District.

Meadow and field forage production

Eryashev A. P., Bektyashkin I. P., Kudashkina S. V uence of technology elements on the productivity of common barley

9

УДК: 633.161:631.5

The effect of potassium humate and fertilizers on growth and development of multi-row barley as well as on its photosynthetic activity and productivity has been studied. It has been found that optimizing doses of mineral fertilizers in combination with potassium humate improves the elements of productivity, thus increasing the grain yield.

Keywords: common barley, potassium humate, shoots’ density, grain weight from one spike, photosynthetic potential, productivity.

Golovnya A. I., Razumeyko N. I. Estimation of fodder productivity of Galega orientalis and its mixtures on sod-podzolic sandy loam

12

УДК: 633. 37. 631

The article presents the data on the productivity of Galega orientalis in single-species planting and mixtures with gramineous grasses. It is shown that single species crops of Galega orientalis and its mixture with Bromopsis inermis were the most effective on sod-podzolic sandy loam.

Keywords: Galega orientalis, Bromopsis inermis, Phalaroides arundinaceae, Phleum pratense, Festuca pratensis, grass mixtures, crude protein yield.

Ivanov D. A., Tyulin V. A., Ivanova N. N., Grishina A. I. Galega productivity in different landscape conditions

14

УДК: 633.37:631.559/.961

The features of the spatial and temporal dynamics of galega’s productivity within the agricultural landscape are studied. The regularities of the influence of agro-climatic and landscape conditions on the productivity of non-traditional fodder crop are shown.

Keywords: landscape, oriental goat’s rue, productivity, groundwater level, agro-climatic parameters.

Emelyanova A. G. Yield and forage quality of red fescue in the middle region of the Lena river

16

УДК: 633.264:631.559 (571

The valuable properties of red fescue were studied in the river channel and the floodplain of the first terrace above the Lena River.

Keywords: red fescue, productivity, forage quality.

Afanasyev R. A., Merzlaya G. E., Pankratenkova I. V. Productivity of grain and grass crop rotation under different fertilizer systems

19

УДК: 631.559/.582/.81

The article presents the results of studying the productivity of grain and grass crop rotation under increasing doses of nitrogen, phosphate and potash fertilizers and manure.

Keywords: crop rotation, fertilizers, productivity, soil fertility.

Usanova Z. I., Shalnov I. V. Effect of plant density and background mineral nutrition on yield quantity and quality of early maturing maize hybrids in the Upper Volga

21

УДК: (631.811 + 633.15) 4

The article presents the results of studying the effect of calculated doses of fertilizers and plant density on yield quantity and quality of the early-maturing maize hybrids. It is found that stand density 100 thousand plants 1 ha-1 provides the programmed productivity when fertilized for a 20 t 1 ha-1 increment and yield of 40 t 1 ha-1. Enhancing the background of mineral nutrition improves the quality of maize green mass, and increases the gain of feed units per hectare.

Keywords: maize, green mass, programming, productivity, quality, stand density, mineral nutrition grounds.

Sokolov N. V., Baranov A. V., Sokolov A. N. Characteristics of natural forage bases in elk husbandry

24

УДК: 639.111.16

Elk farm creation focuses primarily on the use of natural forage base. Adequate choice of lands with the necessary diversity of forage plants makes it possible to obtain dietetic, ecologically proper and functional production with some medicinal properties.

Keywords: elks, domestication, forage bases, plants, bio-technical activities.

Selection and seed growing of fodder crops

Tyurin Yu. S., Zolotarev V. N., Kosolapov V. M. The main directions of breeding common vetch, and its new varieties

26

УДК: 633.352.1:631.526.32

The article outlines the main directions for common vetch breeding, it shows the characteristics of the newly released varieties Lugovskaya 24 and Valentina.

Keywords: common vetch, variety, productivity.

Nafi kov M. M., Valiev I. Z., Fomin V. N. Evaluation of certain elements in sorghum farming technique in the Tatarstan Kama region

28

УДК: 633.174:631.51/.81

The article presents the results of developing the agricultural methods of grain sorghum cultivation. Th e best methods were found for basic soil tillage and fertilizer use in Zakamye.

Keywords: sorghum, soil tillage, fertilizer, productivity.

Regional forage production

Vasin V. G., Abuova A. B., Gilevich S. I. Comparative productivity of forage crops in the rotations typical for the Kazakhstan steppe zone

30

УДК: 633.2/.3: 631.559/.5

The article presents the results of studying the productivity of forage crops in the rotations typical for the Kazakhstan steppe, and their economic evaluation.

Keywords: forage crops, crop rotation, productivity.

Zaripovа G. K., Shiriev V. M. Herbs for improvement grassland located in different agro-ecological conditions of Bashkortostan

32

УДК: 633.2.03 : 631.51.8(

Characteristics of promising species of grassland plants recommended for environmental improvement of forage land, given the variety and technology of their seeds.

Keywords: grassland grass, sort, technology, planting dates, methods and seed rates, productivity.

Sanzheev V. V., Shamsutdinov N. Z. Root development of Salsola orientalis on the brown soils of arid zones in the North-West Caspian region

36

УДК: 633.39

The article describes the peculiarities of growth and root system formation of Salsola orientalis of different ages on the brown soils in arid conditions of the North-Western Caspian region. It is shown that Salsola orientalis forms a thick and deep root system reaching up to 3,6 m by the third year of life.

Keywords: root system, Salsola orientalis, forming, North-Western Caspian region

Kovshova V. N. On the creation and usage of perennial hayfields on peat soils of the Volga-Vyatka region

39

УДК: 633.2.031:631.445.12

The article presents the experience of using long-term cultivated grasslands on peat and cutover soils, that allows to preserve the sward’s productivity for more than 40 years.

Keywords: peat bog, sown hayfields, mineral fertilizers, productivity.

Mechanization

Sokolov A. V., Zamana S. P., Patlay V. V., Fedorovsky T. G., Kindsfater V. Y. Studying various methods of natural fodder lands’ improvement and technical means for their realization

44

УДК: 632.2/633,631,3

The article presents the program, technique and results of researches into technological methods of simplified improvement of natural fodder lands. It shows the results of field tests of the sod seeder STS-2.1 with effective working mechanisms.

Keywords: fodder lands, technological methods of improvement, strip reseeding of grasses, legume/grass mixtures, sod and stubble seeders, power inputs, productivity of fodder lands, technological conditions and equipment parameters.

The bookshelf

Kosolapov V. M., Zotov A. A., Shevtsov A. V. Hayfi elds and pastures on the drained lands of Non-Chernozem zone

47

УДК: 633.2.03

The All-Russian Williams Fodder Research Institute has published a new collective monograph “Hayfields and pastures on drained lands of Non-Chernozem zone” under the general editorship of Doctor of Agricultural Sciences A. A. Zotov and V. M. Kosolapov. Th e book is meant for the agricultural staff , farmers and students.

Keywords: hayfields, pastures, drained lands, fodder production, Non-Chernozem zone.