General questions of forage production

Goloborodko S. P. Ways of improving fodder production efficacy

3

УДК: 333.42: 633.04 (477.

The article presents data on the status of forage production, the main causes of physical and chemical degradation, and expedience of grassing low-productive land taken out of intensive treatment.

Keywords: arable lands, degradation, fodder production, grassing.

Blagoveschenskiy G. V. European Grassland Federation (EGF)

8

This article analyzes the key organizational and scientific principles of the European Grassland Federation founded in 1963. EGF has a significant effect on solving the problems associated with the development of European agriculture.

Keywords: European Grassland Federation, membership, organizational structure, budgetary, international cooperation.

Meadow and field forage production

Slobodyanik T. M. Soy-cereal mixtures in feed conveyor for bulky feed

10

УДК: 633.853.52+633.527.2

The article presents a scheme of raw materials production line using oats, oats-soybean and payza-soybean mixtures. Using these mixtures allows 90–95 days getting high quality raw materials for bulky feeds.

Keywords: oats, oats-soybean and payza-soybean mixtures, productivity, nutritiousness, periods of use, raw material.

Abashev V. D., Denisova A. V., Noskova E. N., Popov F. A. Fodder crops on drained ploughed field

13

УДК: 663.2/3 : 631.584.4

Th e comparative study of basic and intermediate fodder crops is carried out on drained sod-podzolic gleyey sandy loam soil. Th e highest productivity of green mass among the basic cultures was provided by fi rst hay cut of red clover and winter rye. Among the mowing crops the highest yields were obtained by second hay cut of red clover, as well as rape, vetch and oats mixture, and mix of mustard with vetch and oats, sown after winter rye for green forage.

Keywords: red clover, winter rye, vetch-and-oats mixture, ryegrass, white mustard, spring rape, green mass, dry matter

Turusov V. I., Kornilov I. M. Cultivation of maize for green forage on various agrolandscape elements

15

УДК: 633.16: 631.5

The article generalizes the results of research into maize cultivation on a plateau and sloping lands are generalized. Influence of receptions of tillage practices on water and physical parameters of soil, weeds and corn green mass yield is investigated.

Keywords: cultivation, weediness, water and nutrition soil modes, productivity, agrolandscape.

Ivanova O. G. Elements of area-based cultivation technology for forage grasses in Central Kolyma

17

УДК: 633.2 : 631.8.022.3

The results of using fertilizers on perennial grasses and the resulting feed assessment, depending on the development phase of grass.

Keywords: Bromopsis inermis, Elymus sibiricus, mineral fertilizers, herbage productivity.

Selection and seed growing of fodder crops

Fadeeva A. N., Tagirov M. Sh., Abrosimova T. N. On the potential productivity of legumes and its increase

21

УДК: 633.31/.37:631.847.2

The article presents the results of ecological assessment of leguminous crops’ varieties. Th e potential of different species in Tatarstan is determined, as well as high responsiveness of lupine, soybeans and forage legumes to inoculation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria, in comparison to peas.

Keywords: legumes, bacterial fertilizers, productivity.

Yakovleva K. E., Golubeva O. A., Yevseyeva G. V., Smirnov S. N.Obtaining goat’s rue seeds in Karelia

24

УДК: 633.37: 631.531/.559

For the first time in Karelia the possibility of obtaining goat’s rue seeds was studied for the varieties Gala and Nadezhda.

Keywords: goat’s rue, variety, seed productivity.

Pimonov K. I., Rylschikov E. I. Productivity of Cicer arietinum varieties under bacterial fertilizers in the Rostov Region

26

УДК: 633.36/37:631.847.21

Strains of nodule bacteria for regional varieties of Cicer arietinum are selected; their use significantly increases productivity of this crop in the Rostov region.

Keywords: Cicer arietinum, variety, rizotorfi n, productivity.

Zorin D. P., Starkovsky B. N., Avdeev Y. M., Kostin A. E. Efficacy of insecticides for seed Chamaenerion angustifolium

28

УДК: 633.39 : 632.934.1

The results of testing insecticides on seed plantings of Chamaenerion angustifolium are presented.

Keywords: Chamaenerion angustifolium, insecticides.

Tishchenko E. D. Display of agronomic traits in alfalfa influenced by inoculation with Rhizobium meliloti

31

УДК: 633.203:631.03.632.6

The article presents the results of research into the impact of inoculation with Rhizobium meliloti on the morphological features of alfalfa cultivars’ selections Nadejda, Khersonskaya 9, Seraphima, and Zoriana. Th e seeds were collected from the spring and late summer herbage crops. Th e effect of inoculation on the main features of alfalfa (above-ground mass, root diameter, volume and mass) was studied.

Keywords: alfalfa, selection, variety, nitrogen fixation, diameter and volume of root, aboveground mass yield.

Regional forage production

Khismatullin M. M., Chekmaryov P. A. Efficiency of various methods for simplifi ed improvement of fl ow meadows in Volga basin forest-steppe

35

УДК: 633.2(471.72)

Weakening of coenotical bonds and competition for environmental factors in a cenosis can be achieved by using expensive broad-spectrum herbicides and various methods of mechanical action on the turf.

Keywords: meadows, methods of amelioration, undersowing perennial grasses, seed germination and survival, dry weight, fodder quality.

Chekmaryov P. A., Khismatullin M. M. Economical return of mineral fertilization on improved flow meadows of Volga basin forest-steppe

38

УДК: 631.4: 631.811.7

Mineral fertilization is a powerful and fast way to increase productivity of floodplain grasslands, particularly the improved ones. Fertilized grasslands perennials till better, their winter hardiness increases, their regrowth in spring, after grazing or haying is also improved. The content of valuable meadow plants in herbages increases while coarse grasses and poisonous and harmful herbs are supplanted.

Keywords: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, yield, forage quality.

Mechanization

Perekopsky A. N., Sukhoparov A. I. Storing grain haylage using a finishing crushing device

45

УДК: 636.086:631.3

Forages produced from grain with 35–45 % moisture content have low animal digestibility. Application of finishing grain crushing device on forage combine harvester destroys grain cover, therefore the forage is better digested by animals.

Keywords: grain haylage, forage combine harvester, grain crushing device.

The bookshelf

Kosolapov V. M., Trofimov I. A. Handbook on fodder production

48

УДК: 633.2; 577.4

A new book is published by the All-Russian Research Institute of Fodders named after V. R. Williams, RAAS. “Handbook of fodder production” 4th ed. rev. and updated. / Ed. V. M. Kosolapov, I. A. Trofimov — Russian Agricultural Academy, 2011. — 700.

Keywords: forage production, animal husbandry, crop production, farming, agrolandscape, environmental management, ecology.